Deliberate Transitions are Ambiguous
By Arno Ilgner
(Neither Arno, nor Chockstone takes any
responsibility for the accuracy of this article, or it's suitability for
the purpose. Use at your own risk.
Please read the full disclaimer).
Michael Manni arrived at a rest stance on St. Pauli
Girl, a 5.10c at New River Gorge, West Virginia. He wanted to keep going
without resting but I coached him to stop, rest, and assess. It had only
taken Mike nine months to be able to climb 5.10, but it seemed to just get
him to his performance plateau quicker. Being on a plateau can be
frustrating but Mike decided to be open to training and suggestions from
others. He heard about a Sport/Mental Camp I was teaching at the New so he
signed up. There seemed to be an overall nervousness to his climbing, like
he wanted to get it over with. There was a lack of deliberateness when he
climbed and in his utilization of rests. This lack of deliberateness seemed
to be his weak link and I was going to help him with it.
Many climbers think that when they get on a route they must climb it to the
top without stopping. They associate being deliberate with continuing to
climb. Being deliberate, however, is committing fully to something specific.
Climbing is not just moving from bottom to top without stopping. Climbing
consists of both stopping and moving. At stances you stop rest and prepare;
between stances you climb. But, you also need to blend these. This blending
is a transition. Negotiating these transitions is critical for creating
A route has many transitions. Each transition is a kind of decision point.
You transition from preparation to action at these points. A typical
decision point is when you are stopped at a stance with protection. Each
decision point contains a transition where you stop preparing and begin
acting. Knowing what takes place in transition helps you make it more
deliberate and complete. There are three steps in effective transitions.
First, you let go of the old. Second, you allow yourself to “be” in the
neutral zone. Third, you embrace the new. Let’s apply this process to a
decision point on a route. At a rest stance you assess and plan. This is
your preparation. Once you’ve finished preparing you get ready to act, but
you haven’t acted yet. You are in transition.
• Letting go of old: First you let go of preparation. You’ve assessed the
situation and more assessment isn’t useful. Many climbers keep on assessing
until doubts permeate their mind. Assess well but then make a conscious
decision to stop assessing.
• Neutral zone: Second, you settle into the neutral zone where ambiguity is
high. It is ambiguous because you have let go of the comfort of staying
there and preparing, yet you haven’t begun climbing. You are in-between two
known activities, a no-man’s land of sorts.
• Embracing new: Third, there is a moment right before engaging where you
consciously embrace the new. The neutral zone dissipates as the new course
of action solidifies in you. You know that in the next moment you’ll climb
and knowing that finalizes the ambiguity of the neutral zone and the
The learning process also contains transitions. In fact, if you are poor at
transitioning in how you learn you’ll transition poorly on a climb. In
learning you have to let go of the old way of doing things, “be” in the
chaos of not knowing, and then embrace a new way of doing things. “Being” is
the neutral zone of transition. You can’t latch onto the old or the new for
security. You must “be” with the chaotic state of the in-between. If you
habitually latch onto the security of what you have done or what you will
do, then you don’t allow space for new learning to develop. This habit of
latching onto security manifests itself in climbing as rushing or stalling.
With rushing you climb through rest stances and latch onto the security of
getting the stress over with. With stalling you stay where you are and latch
onto the security of the rest stance to stay out of the stress. Neither of
these are deliberate and they don’t prepare you for the growth you could
experience. “Being” in the in-between prepares you. Mike felt out of control
and rushing gave him a way of getting rid of the ambiguity of the neutral
zone. But rushing didn’t give him control. He would need to slow down to
gain true control. This would be the new behavior he would apply.
I prepared him for transitioning to the new behavior before he got on St.
Pauli Girl. I got him to acknowledge his limiting behavior: he rushes
himself. Acknowledging that you do a limiting behavior is an important first
step for moving beyond it. You don’t allow it to stay hidden in excuses or
unconsciousness. I also asked him if he was willing to do something
different. It is important to have a desire to change. This desire rarely
manifests itself if old behavior still “works.” For Mike, rushing himself
wasn’t working anymore. I got him to agree to stop deliberately at stances
and do a complete transition. At each stance he would go through his
preparation and assessment. Then he agreed to:
• Let go of old: He would consciously let go of preparation and enter
transition. This only takes an instant, but it has to be done consciously.
He would verbalize this by saying “Done.” This is a conscious and verbal
command that deliberately emphasizes letting go of the old.
• Be in the neutral zone: In the neutral zone he would practice “being”
without acting on the desire to rush into climbing. Rushing is the old
concept he has about how to climb. This concept is in his mind. Mike would
deliberately direct his attention out of his mind and into his body to
diminish falling into this old concept. He did this by heightening his state
of arousal: doing a couple strong exhalations, shaking his face, and doing
several eye blinks. Doing this keeps attention in his body, preparing the
ground--the foundation--for new growth to occur. By creating a heightened
state of arousal in his body he keeps attention out of his thinking mind. If
his attention stayed in his mind he would create new concepts to latch onto.
New concepts should be created later, when the mind processes the experience
that the body had.
• Embrace new: He would embrace climbing the next section an instant before
actually committing to it. He would verbalize this by saying “Go.” Again,
this is a conscious and verbal command that deliberately emphasizes the end
With this agreement he engaged St. Pauli Girl. When he reached a stance I
could see his tendency to move off it too quickly. I coached him to stop and
prepare for the next section, which he did. Then I told him to let go of
preparation when he was finished. When I heard him say “Done” I knew he had
deliberately let go of preparation. He was now in the neutral zone. I
coached him to heighten his state by reminding him to do a couple strong
exhalations. After doing this I heard him say “Go” just before he committed
to climbing. He climbed to the next stance where he repeated this process.
He climbed this way past the fourth bolt and fell. He applied transitioning,
something he was uncomfortable doing, to a challenging grade at his current
Later, Mike told me it was difficult to slow down. He was reluctant to climb
as I suggested but figured I must have a reason for it. Slowing down and
doing the transition took a lot of Mike’s attention. He didn’t see immediate
results, but he persisted in applying what I suggested. With practice he
noticed that he regained energy at rest stances and placed his feet/hands
better when climbing. He felt less anxious, more in control, and more
deliberate. He also noticed that his approach to learning had changed.
Initially he was reluctant to do what I asked because rushing “worked” for
him. But, he allowed himself to “be” in the in-between where he had to let
go of his old way of relying only on his methods. He deliberately embraced a
new method suggested by someone else and was patient in practicing it. He
had allowed himself to be in the neutral zone where the foundation for his
learning could develop.
Climbing a route isn’t a continuous process of moving upward once you step
off the ground. It is a series of stop/climb cycles. Transition helps
differentiate between the two and helps do each deliberately. Understanding
transitions allows you to let go of the old, “be” with the ambiguity of the
in-between, and embrace the new. Develop this skill in how you learn and you
will apply it well when transitioning on climbs. Without developing this
skill you are destined to stay latched onto the security of your old
behavior, which will keep you permanently marooned on your plateau.
Practice Tip: Creating Deliberate Transitions
Incorporate effective transitions to create deliberateness in your climbing.
Begin on moderate routes and increment up to routes that are at your limit.
Pick a climb and divide it into decisions point, places where you have rest
stances and protection.
At these stances:
First, do a thorough preparation:
Identify the next stance where you have protection
Assess the fall consequence
Create your plan of action (how you’ll climb the next section)
Weigh the fall consequence against your experience with such consequences
Second, go through transition:
Let go of preparation by saying: “Done.” This is a deliberate confirmation
that you have finished preparing.
Enter the neutral zone by directing attention into your body. Do this by
heightening your state of arousal. Take a couple breaths, exhale strongly,
and shake your face to get rid of any tunnel vision. It is also helpful to
blink your eyes a few times. This heightened state lets you know you’ll let
go of the comfortable stance soon and begin the exertion of climbing. You’ve
let go but haven’t engaged yet. This neutral zone should be about the length
of time that it takes to do two or three breaths.
Embrace climbing by saying: “Go.” Do this an instant before committing.
Third, climb to your next stance
Arno is the author of The Rock Warrior's Way:
Mental Training for Climbers
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